For more than 40 years, the Hoffmann Architects + Engineers JOURNAL has served as a forum for discussing common problems and new developments. In each issue, our professionals tackle concerns specific to existing structures and occupied spaces in clear, straightforward terms.   Subscribe

Issue 1/2024 Volume 41 Number 1
Masonic Hall NYC Juliet balcony

Restoration of this terra cotta Juliet balcony incorporated both traditional materials and, where necessary, substitutes.

Substitute Materials in Historic Restoration: When to Consider Alternatives

By Richard W. Off, AIA

While repairing and salvaging existing materials is generally the first choice when addressing deterioration in exterior restoration projects, replacing some amount of material is often unavoidable. When replacement becomes necessary, design professionals are confronted with a critical decision: to match existing materials in-kind or to use substitutes.

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