The former Art + Architecture Building, designed by then chair of the School of Architecture, Paul Rudolph, is considered one of his most important works. Rededicated Paul Rudolph Hall, the renovated building has garnered awards for design, restoration, project team coordination, and sustainability:
American Institute of Architects (AIA) Connecticut Design Award
AIA New York State Award of Excellence
Connecticut Building Congress Project Team Award, First Place
International Concrete Repair Institute Award of Excellence
New York Construction magazine Best of 2009 Award
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold Certification
With its characteristic use of heavy forms and rich textures, Rudolph Hall presented design challenges in the functional re-articulation of its evocative surfaces. Built in 1963, this Brutalist icon anchors a gateway corner of the Yale campus. The 114,000 sf cast-in-place concrete structure has a fortress-like facade that belies a surprisingly open and complex interior, with 37 terraced levels on nine stories, two below grade.
As rehabilitation specialists, Hoffmann Architects + Engineers worked with designers Gwathmey Siegel & Associates Architects (GSAA), construction management firm Turner Construction Company, and Yale University to restore Rudolph’s original vision, while integrating practical improvements to ensure both the aesthetic integrity and longevity of this landmark of modern architecture.
“The overhaul… opens up the space, returning gorgeous daylight to the dramatic multileveled interiors that had long been divided by partitions into a dark, low-ceilinged labyrinth.”
Faithful reproduction of the original design—while addressing and fixing some of the problems inherent to that design—demanded a holistic approach. As building enclosure experts, Hoffmann’s design professionals oversaw rehabilitation of the structure’s massive concrete members, spandrels, stairs, and terraces, as well as a complete window and skylight replacement. The firm also provided consultation services to GSAA on construction detailing at the new addition.
To optimize operational performance, a comprehensive building information model, including whole-building energy simulation, informed the design. Historically accurate but inefficient elements, such as oversized glazing or low-insulating concrete walls, were offset by innovations in heat island reduction, daylighting, low-e insulating glass units, occupancy sensors, air handling, stormwater management, water reuse, and existing site redevelopment. Through a coordinated effort, the project team delivered a LEED compliant, historically accurate restoration and addition within the fast-track schedule.
“The restoration is superb. Restoration and renovation work is either invisible or so well tuned to Rudolph’s original vision that it appears to have always been this way.”